Tourism Vs Traditional Fishing
source : Cabrera Socorro. G., Cabrera Socorro. A Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife
Document Title: PASOS: Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural, 2004 (Vol. 2) (No. 1) 1-16
The Marine Reserve of La Graciosa Island and the islands of the North Lanzarote was created in 1995 and, since then, the fishing activities of the local population and their local culture of the sea have been decreasing progressively, while tourist activities are emerging. This paper analyses how these two processes are linked and what role the local marine protected area is playing in this case. The study uses not only qualitative information from fishers, but also quantitative data contrasting some objective parameters such as the number of fishers and active fishing boats or service-related business (restaurants, apartments, etc.), before and after the implementation of the marine reserve. In this sense, an important element is the perception of this institution by the local population, and the evolution of their attitude in favour or against it. These processes are related to the institutional design of the marine reserves in the Canary Islands, where the participation of local fishing populations is severely limited.
Publisher: Universidad de La Laguna
Editorial Comment: We can foresee that the impact of a perceived conflict of interests between traditional fishing methods and the development of a regional tourism will become an increasingly important international issue as countries begin to establish marine reserves in order to both preserve species diversity and attract marine-related tourism. With careful management, it should be possible to 'draw together' the two interests so that they become mutually beneficial.